Sapphire is generally known as a blue gemstone but surprisingly it comes in a wide range of colors and quality variations.
In general, the more intense and uniform the color is, the more valuable the stone. Sapphires that are not blue are known as fancy sapphires, and may be any color—except red which is a ruby. The fancy sapphire colors are: pink, orange, yellow, green, purple, and violet. The most valued blue sapphires are velvety blue to violetish blue, in medium to medium-dark tones.
Sapphires with these qualities command the highest prices per carat. Less valuable blue sapphires might also be grayish, too light, or too dark. What is a Padparadscha Sapphire? An extremely rare and collectible variety that is a mix of pink and orange is known in the trade as padparadscha.
Charming sapphire colours and features
Such gems typically have a high value—much higher than many other types of fancy sapphires. Their color can be hard to describe. Some people say padparadscha sapphire colors should be called salmon or sunset.
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But the word padparadscha itself derives from the Sanskrit language and refers to the rich color of a lotus blossom. Those who deal in these gemstones usually agree that padparadscha sapphires should range from light to medium pinkish orange to orange-pink.
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Pink and Purple Sapphires Pink sapphires range from light red pink to light purple with weak to intense color saturation which fall out of the color ranges for ruby or purple sapphire. Purple sapphires always have purple as the dominant color. They range from medium to dark reddish purple to violetish purple with weak to vivid color saturation. The major fancy sapphire color categories are padparadscha, pink and purple, orange and yellow, green, and colorless and black. Each category has its own color range, causes of color, and market.
Yellow to Orange Sapphires Yellow sapphire is also available in a variety color saturations from yellow to orangy yellow and in light to dark tones, while orange sapphires have deep golden, to mandarin, and deep orange colors. Yellow sapphires may be affected by other colors within the same gem and can range from light to dark greenish yellow to orangy yellow with weak to intense color saturation.
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The finest yellow sapphire is yellow to orangy yellow with vivid saturation. Orange sapphires range from yellowish orange to reddish orange. The finest orange sapphires are strong, pure orange to red-orange with medium tone and vivid saturation. Green Sapphires Commercial-grade sapphires may contain a less desirable greenish blue color or strong greenish blue that is visible as you view the gem.
Uniformly green sapphires that are saturated in color are actually rare and many collectors prize them. In green sapphires, a mix of yellow and blue sapphire accounts for the color a person sees. Under incandescent light, it ranges from violetish purple to strongly reddish purple. Some rare color-change sapphires change from green in daylight to reddish brown in incandescent light.
When gem experts judge color-change sapphires, they describe the color change as weak, moderate, or strong. The color of star corundum has a great effect on its value, though it is understood that miniscule inclusions are the cause of the asterism.
They can affect transparency and color, and only very rare, exceptional gems exhibit transparency, depth of color and asterism. These ones are rubies. Traces of different elements such as iron, titanium, chromium and magnesium give the natural colorless corundum a red color.
Orange-pink sapphires are the rarest variety. This is the Sri Lankan word for lotus flower. Padparadschas can be worth even more per carat than the brightest blue sapphires. Sapphires have a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale. Therefore, they are the second hardest mineral. This blue gemstone thus is not only valuable in jewelry but also often used for industrial purposes.
The classical blue sapphires are originally from Kashmir Asia during the 19th and 20th century. In October , a sapphire was auctioned for a record amount of money. The blue gem was almost 28 carat! Many famous star sapphires come from the mines in Sri Lanka. For example the Star of Adam But also Madagascar was a large source of sapphires until Madagascar is currently one of the most important producers of sapphires.
Beautiful Blue Sapphire
The origin of the sapphire influences its worth. The carats large Logan Sapphire in the National Museum of Natural History is one of the biggest sapphires of jewelry quality ever cut. The biggest star sapphire is the Star of Adam of ,49 carat.
In , the sapphire suddenly became the international symbol of love. Prince Charles gave Lady Diana an engagement ring with a big blue sapphire of 12 carats. Prince William gave this heirloom to Kate Middleton as her engagement ring. We have the most beautiful diamond jewelry. Whatever your diamond needs are, we can fulfill them to complete satisfaction with our stock of over A ssociated with anything permanent and reliable, the sapphire is worn by many women around the world as their engagement ring.
Create Your Perfect Sapphire Ring
Sapphire symbolizes loyalty and faithfulness, and expresses love and yearning. Maintaining your sapphire:. Sapphires are a very hard, durable gemstone and can safely be cleaned with soapy water.